Courses You Can Opt for Your Graduation

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Courses You Can Opt for Your Graduation

Whether in India or overseas ‘what to choose after 12th standard ?’ is the general question that comes to the mind of students who are in 12th.When choosing a course they are generally concerned about career prospects, job opportunities plus what is their passion, and choice. After senior secondary, there are so many undergraduate courses you can opt for your graduation. So in this article you are going to get information regarding the following key points:

1. Courses to be done after 12th and best colleges to pursue them in India

2. Courses to be done after 12th and best universities to pursue them in abroad

3. Which career options are there for you after the 12th and some other important points if you want to take admission in abroad.

4. Description about IELTS and TOEFL exams and comparison between them.

5. Details regarding career options in different streams.

6. Benefits that students get who study abroad.

Graduation Courses in India

There is a variety of courses in different streams that students can choose from according to their interests. Here are the details of some courses in different streams which will provide you with good career opportunities.

Arts – Students who have enrolled in the arts stream in their 12th may pursue courses like Bachelor of Arts (BA) , Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) , Bachelor of Management Science (BMS) , Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA) , Bachelor of Event Management (BEM) , Integrated Law Course BA+LLB , Bachelor of Journalism and Mass Communication (BJMC) , Bachelor of Fashion Designing (BFD) , Bachelor of Social Work ( BSW) , Bachelor of Business Studies (BBS) , Bachelor of Travel and Tourism Management (BTTM) , Bachelor of Design (B. Design) , Aviation courses and Bachelor of Performing Arts for graduation.

Commerce – Students who have enrolled in the commerce stream in their 12th may pursue courses like Bachelor of Commerce (BA), Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA), Bachelor of Commerce (B.com), Integrated Law Program (B.Com LL.B.), Integrated Law Program (BBA LL.B) for graduation.

Science – Students who have enrolled in the commerce stream in their 12th may pursue courses like Bachelor of Engineering/Bachelor of Technology (BE/B.Tech) , Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch) , (Bachelor of Computer Applications) BCA , Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) , Bachelor of Pharmacy (BPharma) , Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) , Animation, Graphics and Multimedia , Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT), BA/B.Sc.in Liberal Arts for their graduation.

Other Professional Courses: You may also choose other professional courses like Chartered Account (CA), Company Secretary (CS), Bachelor of Design, and Bachelor in Foreign Language. Also there are many Diploma Courses, Advanced Diploma Courses, and Certificate Courses available in which you can choose the course of your interest.

Popular Colleges for Graduation in India: 

Selecting the college from the wide range is quite difficult. That’s why to help you out we have listed some popular graduate colleges in India to pursue any course after the 12th. 

  • Miranda House, New Delhi
  • Presidency College, Chennai
  • Lady Shri Ram College For Women, New Delhi
  • Loyola College, Chennai
  • St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai
  • Lady Shri Ram College for Women, New Delhi
  • St. Xavier’s College, Kolkata
  • Christ University, Bangalore
  • Shri Ram College of Commerce (SRCC), Delhi
  • Maulana Azad Institute Of Dental Sciences, New Delhi
  • Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh
  • Indian Institute of Health Education & Research, Patna
  • Hansraj College, Delhi
  • AIIMS – All India Institute of Medical Sciences
  • Armed Forces Medical College, Pune
  • Birla Institute Of Technology, Mesra
  • IGIA (Indira Gandhi Institute of Aeronautics).
  • Symbiosis International University, Pune
  • IITs, GFITs and IIITs
  • Anna University, Chennai

Graduation Courses in Abroad

If you planning to study in abroad after completing 12th in your home country then first thing is that It is not so difficult to get admission into international universities in popular countries like USA, Canada , Germany, France, Australia, and UK. You just need to follow a simple process and you would be there at your destination. The main streams at the UG level courses that you can opt for your graduation in Germany or other countries include are Natural Sciences, Engineering and Technology, Business Administration, Arts, Architecture, and Design, Social Sciences & Humanities,Finance & Accounting, Engineering Management and Design Courses.

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Popular Universities for Studying Abroad

No doubt earning a full degree abroad at an abroad university is a large commitment, however one that may pay off in equal measure. A Degree from a foreign university offers you the chance to come out of your comfort zone, and you get the opportunity to learn another language, and experience the culture of new land. There are many popular universities abroad to pursue your graduation. Here are the names of some of them.

  • Harvard University, Cambridge, USA
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, USA
  • Stanford University, Stanford, USA
  • California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA
  • University of Cambridge , Cambridge, UK
  • Princeton University, Princeton, USA
  • University of Oxford , Oxford, UK
  • Yale University , New Haven, USA
  • The University of Chicago ,Chicago, USA
  • University of California – Berkeley Campus,Berkeley, USA
  • Columbia University, New York, USA
  • University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA
  • Rockefeller University, New York, USA
  • Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA
  • Cornell University, Ithaca, USA
  • University College London ,London, UK
  • University of California – Los Angeles Campus, Los Angeles, USA
  • University of Michigan ,Ann Arbor, USA
  • Duke University ,Durham, USA
  • Northwestern University, Evanston, USA
  • University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
  • Heidelberg University – Germany, Heidelberg, Germany
  • Ludwig Maximilians University Munich, Munich, Germany

Important Points:

-To take admission in abroad universities you need to take some standardized tests which include English Language Proficiency exams i.e. TOEFL, IELTS, Duolingo or PTE; Language proficiency tests i.e. German, French, Chinese and some other Tests i.e. SAT, or ACT to test your verbal, quantitative, reasoning and subject skills. The test depends on the requirements of the courses you choose and the test and scores requirements differ with the courses and university you choose.

-For admission in any foreign university you need to apply within the timeline with some supporting documents i.e. Mark sheets, Transcripts, Score reports for the tests, Letter of Recommendation(LOR), Application Essays, Financial capability certificate, and Statement of Purpose (SOP).

-Once your admission is confirmed you need to apply for the student visa. And if you are unable to afford the expenses, you can apply for the scholarships which are available all around the world for international students.

– In Germany, 5 point grading scale is commonly used by some institutions to measure the student’s academic performance. If that is the scenario with the university you choose in Germany then you may check your grading using this German Grade Calculator at HowToAbroad.com where you need to put maximum marks that can be scored, minimum marks that are required to pass along with the marks obtained by you and then you will be able to easily convert it to German grade.

IELTS Exam:

The internationally recognized test for English language competency is IELTS. The IELTS test is most appropriate for people who want to utilize their proficiency in English as proof in order to pursue an academic or professional career abroad. IELTS for UKVI, commonly known as the test to be given for UK Visas and Immigration purposes, is a requirement for anyone wishing to study, work, or immigrate to the UK. It is for the students who want to demonstrate their English speaking and listening abilities at Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) Levels A1, A2, or B1, IELTS Life Skills.

IELTS offers two test options: IELTS Academic and IELTS General Training. IELTS Academic is appropriate for applicants who need it for academic objectives, primarily to enroll in undergraduate or graduate programs or to register for a job in an environment where English is the main language. IELTS General Training is appropriate for those who need to demonstrate their English language skills in order to apply for jobs, study below the degree level, or immigrate to English-speaking nations like Australia, the UK, the USA, Canada, New Zealand, Ireland, etc.

IELTS evaluates your level of English comprehension and consists of four sections: speaking, reading, and writing. Your Listening, Reading, and Writing tests will all be given on the same day, without any break, for the duration of 2 hours and 45 minutes. Writing, Listening, and Reading will be the order of the four sections for IELTS  paper, whereas Listening, Reading, and Writing will be the sequence for computer test . The speaking section of the test, however, can be scheduled up to a week before or after other exams. The information about the day and timing of your Speaking test will be given to you by your IELTS test centre.

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Now, you can take the IELTS exam on a computer in addition to on paper. For those who choose to take the IELTS on paper, the Writing, Listening, and Reading portions must be completed on paper with HB pencils or pens. A certified IELTS examiner conducts the Speaking examination face-to-face or over a video chat. After 13 calendar days, the result of IELTS test taken on paper gets available. When taking the IELTS on a computer, test-takers complete the Listening, Reading, and Writing portions online. The IELTS examiner for the Speaking test will still be face-to-face or available via video call. You have the flexibility of selecting from a variety of test dates and slots with computer-based IELTS, and you may anticipate your results in 3–5 days.

TOEFL Exam:

TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) is conducted by the Educational Testing Service (ETS). There are two ways to take the TOEFL exam: online (iBT) and on paper (PBT) (PBT). The TOEFL iBT test has 4 sections i.e. Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing and the total test takes about 3 hours to complete. The total timing for the PBT is 140-150 minutes, which includes 140 questions and one essay topic.

We are aware that many universities use the TOEFL score as a requirement for admission, but how else are these scores used? These scores are useful for working people requesting a visa to emigrate overseas, for students submitting applications for awards and other certifications and wishing to enroll in academic programs in an English-speaking nation. To judge their progress, English language learners can also take the TOEFL Exam.

If we talk about eligibility then there are no eligibility criteria so anybody can give TOEFL exam. But to attempt the exam, you need to carry a valid passport as proof of identity at the time of the exam. And also there is no limitation to giving the TOEFL exam but you need to check the university eligibility criteria.

TOEFL vs IELTS

Now the question which may come to your mind is which exam should you take ? So for your help here I am sharing some key differences between both exams. So have a look at this TOEFL vs IELTS comparison before taking any decision.

– The IELTS offers both a paper and an online version, whereas the TOEFL is primarily taken online. Choose the appropriate option if you enjoy writing by hand rather than typing.

-The TOEFL mainly consists of multiple choice questions (MCQs), whereas the IELTS includes short answer type questions and here more concentration is on thinking abilities.

– In TOEFL you need to answer the provided questions or prompts in a recorded format, where there is no human presence apart from you but in the IELTS, on the other hand, has a real person listening to your talk on the other end. So depending on how you communicate and think you may choose between both of them.

– The TOEFL only uses academic texts, but the IELTS uses a variety of texts from   sources like academic readings, magazines, and online publications. This is where the TOEFL may prove to be more difficult.

And as much as I know most universities prefer IELTS over TOEFL so if you have appeared for the TOEFL exam then here you may use this TOEFL to IELTS converter to know about your IELTS scores.

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Career Options in Different Streams:

  • Science Biology – Students who have enrolled in the science-biology stream in their 12th may pursue their career as a Doctor, Nurse, Dentist, Ayurveda Consultation, Geneticist, Research Assistant , Hospital Pharmacist , Environment Journalists ,Research Analyst Microbiologist , Public Health Specialist after completing their graduation/post graduation accordingly.
  • Science Mathematics – Students who have enrolled in the science-mathematics stream in their 12th may pursue their career as a Data Analyst, Architecture Designer, Interior Designer, Software Engineer, Air Force Pilot, Research Analyst, School Teacher, Co-Pilot/Chief-Pilot after completing their graduation/post graduation accordingly. They may also appear for government jobs i.e. SSC-JE/AE/Station Master.
  • Commerce – Students who have enrolled in the commerce stream in their 12th may pursue their career as a Tax Auditor and Consultant, Accountant, Investment Banking Analyst, Chartered Accountant, Human Resources, Event Manager, Entrepreneurship, CS – Executive, Financial Analyst and Advisor after completing their graduation/post graduation accordingly.
  • Arts – Students who have enrolled in the Arts stream in their 12th may pursue their career as a Content Writer, School Teacher, Legal Advisor, Event Manager, Blogger, HR Manager, Interior Designer, Journalist, Fashion Designer, Media Manager after completing their graduation/post graduation accordingly.
  • Certificate Courses – If you are tired of conventional courses then you may do certificate courses like Web Designing, Digital Marketing, Graphic Design, Tally, Interior Design, Hardware and Networking, Photography etc and may also choose to become an  Air Hostess or Beautician after completing the required course.

Benefits to Study Abroad:

Students who study abroad get the most beneficial experiences as have the opportunity to study in a foreign nation and experience the culture of new land. Here is the list of some other benefits:

• They experience a brand-new country with incredible new outlooks, customs and activities of their host nation and also may get the opportunity to travel to neighboring countries as well! 

• They get the chance to experience different styles of education and have the chance to see a side of their major that they may not have been exposed to at home. 

• They have a better understanding and appreciation for the nation’s people and history and will have the opportunity to witness a completely new way of life.

• They get a chance to learn a new language and there is no better way to learn than to dive right in.

• After completing the education you will return with a new perspective on culture, language skills, a great education, and a willingness to learn and all of these will add a positive effect on you when you try to get a job.

• You get the chance to do new activities and interests that you may never have discovered.

• You meet new lifelong friends from different backgrounds and get the opportunity to get to know and create lasting relationships with them.

• While studying in a foreign country you bring out your independent nature. 

• Graduate schools regularly look for candidates who will bring a unique aspect to their university so they prefer students who have studied abroad.

• Students get new life experiences as they get the chance to travel the world and experience different cultures and environments because of that they get independent and ultimately they get a good job and career after completing their education.

If you are planning to study in an online university and searching for the best online university to get your higher education degree, then you are on the right place. We have here for you some of the best online universities, but before that let us have a look at some of the factors that you should consider before choosing an online university.

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